Environment Sustainable Transport Electric Mobility Battery-based Electric Mobility

E-scooters, bikes and urban mobility: lessons from the streets of Paris

Battery-based Electric Mobility


The article tries to understand why bikeshare companies that were the first to arrive in Paris exited almost as quickly when they should have had “first-mover advantage”.

Perspectives and insights

  • There are multiple barriers in the bikeshare sector: Low barriers to entry, Non-existent switching costs; Other options available for last-mile transport; Dockless systems have high environmental costs.
  • What can make the situation better for operators? Patented innovations to differentiate, interconnection of related services, complementary partnerships, value propositions that create a lock-in effect and value-adding contracts with municipalities.