Decarbonization Avenue University research @ CLIMAX

Could residential heat pumps be part of the climate solution?

According to a new study, deploying residential heat pumps more widely across the United States has the potential to help reduce carbon pollution while also saving homeowners money

What makes heat pumps efficient is that you usually can transfer two or more units of heat for every unit of work.

Switching about 30% of single-family homes to heat pumps right now would cut harms to the environment and human health and save households money.

About a third of single-family homes would benefit financially, after accounting for the extra cost of installing heat pumps relative to a gas furnace. All of those homes would reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


  • Power

Sustainability domain

  • Pollution control

Type of innovation

  • Core sciences & engineering

Stakeholder type

  • University researcher
  • Corporate researcher


Relevant for

  • Mechanical engineer
  • Thermodynamics & heat sciences professional
  • Electrical engineer
  • Material sciences professional
  • Power engineer
  • Climate sciences professional

Innovation sector

  • Heat & thermodynamics