Decarbonization Avenue University research @ CLIMAX

Taking the carbon out of construction with engineered wood

This study is the first economy-wide analysis to evaluate the economic and emissions impacts of substituting lumber products for more CO2-intensive materials in the construction sector

The CO2 intensity (tons of CO2 emissions per dollar of output) of lumber production is about 20 percent less than that of fabricated metal products, under 50 percent that of iron and steel, and under 25 percent that of cement.

The study develops and utilizes a customized economy-wide model that includes a detailed representation of energy production and use and represents production of construction, forestry, lumber, and mineral-based construction materials.


  • Cement

Sustainability domain

  • Pollution control

Type of innovation

  • Core sciences & engineering

Stakeholder type

  • University researcher
  • Corporate researcher


Relevant for

  • Chemical engineer
  • Civil or construction engineer
  • Structural engineer
  • Material sciences professional
  • Production or process engineer

Innovation sector

  • Chemistry & chemical engineering
  • Civil & structural engineering
  • Environmental sciences
  • Material sciences