Battery Storage

Decarbonization Avenue : Battery Storage


Renewable energy sources are clean and low (or no) carbon. But the two most prominent renewable energy sources - solar and wind power - are both intermittent, and worse, there is no sun at night. Significant volatility is present in the generation of wind power as well, even over a day. If the world has to rely for a large part of their needs on these renewable sources of energy, it needs to be able to store electricity in order to eliminate, or at least minimize, the intermittency challenge. Battery storage is by far the most prominent of all electricity storage systems today.

The global battery energy storage market is expected to witness some of the fastest growths any industry will see during the 2020-2030 period, from about 5 GWh in 2020 to over 300 GWh by 2030, a 60 fold growth in ten years. This growth will be primarily driven by battery use in renewable energy power plants and electric mobility.

Some of the main battery technologies used for power and mobility sectors - lead acid, lithium-ion to name the two most prominent - are very well established. A few others are close to commercialization while some promising battery technologies such as solid state batteries are still in the research stage. One can expect innovations to happen across almost all types of batteries during the 2020-2030 period.

By “firming” low carbon power sources, and by enabling electric mobility which could also be powered by renewable power, batteries present a powerful support for decarbonizing the world. Some of the key challenges for batteries include the high cost of Li-ion batteries (though it is coming down fast) and challenges with battery disposal post end of life (though emerging Li-ion recycling technologies could take care of this challenge too).

While the scope for battery innovations during the 2020-2030 period will be diverse, high impact innovations can be expected around grid scale batteries, cost decreases in Li-ion batteries, fast charging Li-ion batteries, redox flow batteries, innovations in battery management systems, battery testing & standardization, and battery recycling.

Industries impacted

  • Airlines & aviation
  • Automobiles & auto components
  • Computers & software
  • Construction & real estate
  • Consumer durables
  • Electrical
  • Electronics & semiconductors
  • Logistics
  • Mining & metals
  • Power
  • Road transport
  • Travel & hospitality
  • Waste management

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Themes & Topics

  • By technology

    • Lead acid

    • Li-ion

    • Nickel Cadmium batteries

    • Metal Air batteries

    • Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries

    • Alkaline batteries

    • Sodium sulphur batteries

    • Solid state batteries

    • Flow batteries

  • By use

    • Automotive batteries

    • Home energy storage batteries

    • Batteries for industrial backup power

    • Electric vehicle batteries

    • For utility scale solar & wind power plants 

    • For rooftop solar power plants

    • For remote communities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Battery & battery component design

    • Cathode

    • Anode

    • Electrolyte

  • Battery materials

    • Lithium

    • Cobalt

    • Zinc

    • Silicon

    • Sodium

    • Sulphur

  • Collaboration

  • Use of IT & digital tools

    • BMS

  • Case studies

  • Financing

  • Battery end of life

    • Refurbishment

    • Second life

    • Recycling

    • Performance metrics

    • Energy density

    • Capacity

    • Lifetime

    • Efficiency

    • Safety

    • Economics

    • Challenges