Regenerative Agriculture

Decarbonization Avenue : Regenerative Agriculture

Broadly, regenerative farming is an approach that tries to conserve, rather than exploit, the natural ecosystems.

Over 10% of the total land area on earth is used for crop production, and about 40% of total land area is classified as agriculture-suitable land by the FAO. Using regenerative practices is perhaps the only sustainable approach while utilizing such a massive area. 

There is no formally accepted definition of what constitutes regenerative farming. However, key focus areas for this type of farming are topsoil regeneration, increasing biodiversity, and improving the water cycle. Specific processes include integrated pest management, use of cover crops and intercropping, sustainable tilling and harvesting, optimized grazing, and effective use of agroforestry practices.

Along with other benefits, regenerative farming practices hold significant promise especially for the soil sequestration of CO2.

While there could be short term challenges under this approach, with the right processes,  and when done taking a holistic view of farmland operations, regenerative farming can increase the profitability of farms, while reducing risk and crop loss.

Despite broad scientific consensus on its multiple benefits, regenerative farming practices  are not yet practised on a large scale worldwide. But the 2020-2030 period could see a big change in this context. For this period, expect significant innovations in regenerative agriculture to be centered  around carbon trading, soil carbon measurement, cover crops, composting, agroforestry approaches, and efficient livestock integration with farming.

Industries impacted

  • Agriculture & farming
  • Business support services
  • Environmental services
  • Fertilizers
  • Food & beverages
  • Life sciences
  • Livestock
  • Paper & forest products
  • Textile & apparel
  • Waste management
  • Water

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Themes & Topics

  • Practices

    • Soil practices

      • Sustainable tilling

    • Fertilizer application practices

    • Sustainable plant protection, weeding & integrated pest management

    • Water management

    • Cover crops

    • Sustainable farm preparation practices

    • Sustainable harvesting practices

    • Sustainable grazing

    • Effective agroforestry practices

    • Organic farming

  • Collaboration among farming community for sustainability

  • Farming with whole system and landscape perspective

  • Intercropping





  • Regenerative agriculture for small scale farms

  • Regenerative agriculture for large farms

  • Financing models for regenerative agriculture

  • Education/capacity building

    • Knowledge

    • Hands on guidance

    • Use of online tools

    • Availability of experts

  • Enabling policies

  • Use of IT & digital

  • Market opportunities for regenerative agri & its produce

  • Success case studies

  • Financing support

  • Regional trends:

    • Developed countries

    • Developing countries

    • Under-developed countries

    • Economics of regenerative farming