Low Carbon Food

Decarbonization Avenue : Low Carbon Food

The food value chain is one of the largest sectoral contributors to global greenhouse emissions.

All food items carry a carbon footprint. For some foodstuffs like meat and dairy that directly depend on livestock, the carbon footprint is very high, mainly owing to significant methane emissions upstream of the value chain. Total global emissions from livestock are about 7.2 billion tons CO2 equivalent, a good percentage of these being grown for food. The world consumes about 1.5 billion pigs, 570 million sheep, 475 million goats, 320 million cattle, and about 160 million tons of seafood every year.

Solutions to find emissions reduction strategies, or alternatives/substitutes to foods with high carbon footprint will have a significant impact on global decarbonization.

For the 2020-2030 period, innovations with impact can be expected in the domains of cultured meat, plant-based meat, plant-based pet nutrition, plant-based dairy & eggs.

Industries impacted

  • Agriculture & farming
  • Food & beverages
  • Life sciences
  • Logistics
  • Packaging & plastics
  • Waste management

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Themes & Topics

  • Plant based meat

    • Beans based meat substitutes

    • Peas & nuts meat substitutes

    • Fruit-based meat substitutes

    • Mushrooms, cabbages & lentils based meat substitutes

    • Mycoprotein based meat substitutes

    • Single cell protein based meat substitutes

  • Plant based eggs

  • Plant based dairy

  • Cellular meat alternatives

  • :Imperfect foods”

  • Organic foods





  • Low carbon fishing

  • Reducing carbon footprint of:

    • Cereals

    • Vegetables & fruits

    • Nuts & spices

    • Coffee & tea

    • Sugar

    • Vegetable oils

    • Dairy products

    • Conventional meat

    • Conventional poultry

    • Conventional pork

  • Low carbon food processing

  • Technologies & processes

  • Other ingredients

  • End user feedback