Decarbonization Avenue : C2V - CO2 to Value

In fact

Importance of catalysts for the C2V sector

Almost all pathways for conversion of CO2 to value depend on catalysts to do the job. Even those conversions using purely biological routes use enzymes as catalysts, so biological catalysts.

If optimal catalysts are identified, who knows, one could be looking at producing fuels, chemicals and materials from CO2 much faster and much cheaper. But that is perhaps much easier said than done.

While the good news is that the world of science is quite familiar with catalysis and catalysts, the challenge is that the world of catalysts is wide. While there are indeed some prominent metal catalysts many of us would have heard about (Titanium, platinum, iron, cobalt), there can be heterogenous catalysts that are combination of catalysts, and then there are biological catalysts.

On biological catalysts, over 2000 enzymes have been identified (there are prominent companies specialized just for this, such as Novozymes), and the human cell alone is supposed to contain over 1200 enzymes. You get the idea.

The industrial catalyst market is already worth  about $20 billion a year worldwide (and total catalyst market around $35 billon). With climate change and sustainability becoming top of agenda for research and business, it appears that the exciting world of catalysts beckons an array of science and engineering professionals - especially those belonging to chemical/chem engg sciencies, biotechnology, material sciences.

And for those who are curious about the prominent companies already serving the global catalyst market, here you go:

1. Haldor Topsoe, Denmark


3. Axens, France

4. Johnson Matthey, UK

5. Criterion, USA (part of Shell Group)

6. Süd-Chemie, Germany

7. Albemarle, USA

8. Grace Davison, UK

9. BASF, Germany

10. ExxonMobil Chemical, USA

11. Evonik, Germany

12. Honeywell, USA

13. Dow Chemical, USA

14. Cataler (part of Toyota, Japan)

15. Clariant, Switzerland

16. Umicore, Belgium

17. Cristal, Saudi Arabia

18. Arkema, France

19. Applied Catalysts, USA

And here are prominent companies in the industrial and specialty enzymes market:

  • BASF (Germany)
  • Novozymes (Denmark)
  • Roche (Switzerland)
  • DuPont (US)
  • Codexis (US)
  • Dyadic International (US)
  • Advanced Enzymes (India)
  • Amano Enzymes (Japan)
  • Sanofi (France)
  • Biocatalysts (UK)
  • Enzyme Supplies (UK)
  • BBI Solutions (UK)
  • Specialty Enzymes & Probiotics (US)
  • Amicogen (South Korea)
  • Antozyme Biotech (India)
  • Enzyme Development Corporation (US)
  • Nagase & Co. Ltd. (Japan)
  • Sekisui Diagnostics (US)
  • Merck (Germany)
  • Biovet (Bulgaria)
  • Amyris, USA
  • Caribou Biosciences (USA)
  • Ingenza, UK
  • Unilever, Netherlands
  • Zymergen, USA
  • Bota Biosciences, China
  • Cinder Biological, USA
  • Codexis, USA
  • Allozymes, Singapore
  • Pili Biotech, France
  • ZYMTronix, USA
  • Allied Microbiota, USA
  • Primordial Genetics, USA
  • Genomatica, USA
  • Metagenomi, USA
  • Dyadic International, USA

Relevant for

  • Chemical engineer
  • Electrochemical engineer
  • Biochemical engineer
  • Material sciences professional
  • Bioinformatics & genetic sciences professional
  • Biotech professional

Innovation sector

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemistry & chemical engineering
  • Material sciences

Other In fact


  • University researcher
  • Corporate researcher